Abstract - Comparative analysis of body posture in child and adolescent taekwon-do practitioners and non-practitioners
Problem and Method. Contemporary research suggests treating martial arts and combat sports not only as a form of self-defence, sports disciplines, and a leisure activity but also a form of therapy. One of the indicators of an excellent health is the correction of body posture. The experiment group consisted of 41 taekwon-do practitioners, while the control group comprised 46 subjects.
Results and Conclusion. The collected data and its statistical analysis allow to make an assumption that the traditional taekwondo training has a positive effect on the body posture change. Some defects of the control group subjects, who did not participate in any form of sports except Physical Education classes, occur in almost 79% of the participants, while in the experiment group the figure is decreased by nearly half (41%). The study demonstrates that the statistically significant (p<0.05) training contributes to a decrease in the number of occurrence of body asymmetry in the shoulders, scapulae, corpus ossa ilii (body of ilium) as well as spinal and knee defects, and scoliosis. Even a short, i.e. for 3-12 months, training improves body posture in children. In the training group as opposed to children who do not perform any form of physical activity regularly, there is less incidence of scoliosis (p<0.05), currently recognised as a civilisation disease. The presented data and the following discussion constitute the comparison of the measurements and the basis for further studies.