Abstract - Intercultural Origins of the Study of Security – a Comparison between the Far East and the West
This article discusses the issue of Far Eastern ideas which relate to maintaining, regaining and improving the state of security focusing chiefly on Japanese concepts which, despite their individual character, stem from ideas of the Far East: India, Tibet, China, Korea and Okinawa Island. The processes of intercultural exchange put various traditions at humankind’s disposal. The article shows to what extent and how the old Japanese tradition survived to present day and became known throughout the world.
There are attempts to account for the usefulness or even need of referring to Far Eastern security methods with regard to arguments put forward by Weaver, Huntington and Buchanan (peril to the Western civilization), as well as to other reasons pointing to important benefits to our knowledge gained as a result of the Japanese offer.
Deliberations on security have constantly been a part of the human history. They are elements enabling to develop effective measures which stave off both the outer danger and the danger which may originate in an inner, autonomous system of an individual with a psychophysical character. The securitology-based viewpoint, which stems from the philosophy of security, allows, among other things, for a very holistic approach to the subject in question, which finds its position in the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, as apart from the existential safety need, it becomes also an implementation of self-actualization. It gives meaning to the life, making the risk of mediocrity and senseless existence fade away and brings the desired relief from any fear.
The dilemmas of the Western people are evident, especially those who become aware of the alternative between the man on the move, including freedom and development, and the modern treacherously enticing, consumerist slavery excluding the possibility to enter the spiritual path, which would be as effective and as difficult as the noble Path of the Warrior.