Abstract - Motive skills forming on example of kick-boxing
Kick-boxing is a sport discipline characterized by complex existence of motive skills:
Strength is the exterior expression of muscle work. Strength exercises in kick-boxing should have the synthetic character – it means they should be matched in such a way to engage several groups of muscles. There is a necessity to pay attention on forming dynamic, speed and endurance strength.
By speed skills we understand the level of possibilities to translocate the whole body or its parts in space in the shortest possible time. We can divide methods of speed training into several groups:
1. developing reaction time;
2. developing complex reaction;
3. developing general speed.
During speed training we should remember about steady development of arms, body and legs speed.
By power training we understand individual skills of resistance to tiredness and skills of doing certain work for a long time.
Elements which have influence on power are:
1. power of resistance of the central nerve system;
2. strong will of a competitor;
3. speed of oxygen transport in the organism;
4. the amount of ATP and phosphokreatyne in muscles and speed changes of these compounds and energy.
Flexibility is a range of movement in a singular joint or several joints. Flexibility is important for development of movement and improvement of sport technique. Elements which influence flexibility are:
1. elasticity of copulas, tendons and muscles;
2. good co-ordination movement;
3. age and sex;
4. temperature of the body – group of working muscles;
5. the hour of a day;
6. tiredness and negative emotional condition.
In development of flexibility the active or passive exercises are used. We should remember about variability of exercises in which gravity centre is low laid and the spine is upright.