Abstract - The use of didactic laws in the teaching of the physical elements involved in judo techniques
Purpose. The optimization of training judo practitioners in the techniques of the physical elements of judo based on the underlying principles and the informational-matrix training technology model, which was created to train sportspeople in motor skills.
Methods. Two groups of students participated in the research: the experimental group (young men aged 18-20, n=30) and a control group (young men aged 18-20, n=30). All the necessary procedures to verify the uniformity of the groups were conducted (p<0.05). The experiment was conducted from 2010 to 2014. We used statistical methods to determine the qualitative and quantitative indicators in the resulting research data of the research (X mean, t, p, s).
Results. We substantiated the use of didactic laws in the training of Judo techniques. Adequate usage of goal-setting structural elements in the training of motor actions for the mastery of physical exercises was accentuated. The principle of functional redundancy and reliability in the execution of the Ura Nage throw was demonstrated. The possibility of applying didactic laws to training in counter attack for example, was shown. It was noted that when there was a high level of fatigue there was a reduction in the variability of effort differentiation. This phenomenon is recommended for use as a methodic technique in training and in the perfection of movements to increase their stability and reliability. We determined the degree of motor exercise mastery, which met its required outcome. A minimum number of exercise and cycle repetitions was set at an 80% skillfulness level (189-504 repetitions and 3-8 cycles). Such an approach to mastering martial arts techniques reduced training time by between 2.97 and 7.96 times.
Conclusions. One of main factors in perfecting the training process is a consideration of didactic laws, the sports practitioner’s individual features; his individual style. It is important to substantiate the optimal correlation of physical loads and a sports practitioner’s rest intervals.