Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - Attitudes of coaches considered by their gender, the sports and the athletes they coach

Background. Coaches have been widely studied in respect of their tasks and the dynamic functioning of their relationships with athletes, and different groups of coaches have been compared by personality traits, motivation and leadership styles, but few researches have focused on their attitudes. These are their relatively permanent cognitive, emotional and conative settings toward different objects, people, matters and views.
Aim. The purpose of this research was to establish, how different groups of coaches view sport, that is, what are their sports attitudes when comparing male and female coaches; coaches of team or individual sports; coaches who work with younger or older athletes; coaches who work with more or less successful athletes and finally, the attitudes of younger or older coaches.
Methods. 275 Slovene coaches participated in the research and the Attitude inventory for coaches [Kajtna, Hvalec 2008] was used which measures 3 dimensions of attitudes (development, achievement and problems).
Results. Coaches of team sports are more achievement-oriented, as are coaches of successful athletes. These latter also report having more problems because of their work. We found one more difference – older coaches report having more problems.
Conclusions. The orientation of coaches of team sports and successful athletes to high achievement is what leads to success However the same can also be used to explain the reporting of problems – working with “high – profile” athletes means constant exposure to the public, the press and the scrutiny of managers and sponsors. Reporting of problems in the group of older coaches can be attributed to the stressfulness of the profession.