Abstract - Applied aspects of improving pupils’ and students’ adaptive capacity
Background. The stressful learning conditions in schools and universities demand improvement to pupils’ and students’ adaptive capacities. This necessitates the introduction of programs ensuring their mental health and effective learning.
Objectives. This research tests the monitoring of pupils’ and students’ psychophysiological states (PPS) as an effective way of controlling and improving their adaptive capacity.
Methods. Respondents were school pupils (n = 28) and university students (n = 44) from Ukraine. The monitoring was carried out over three months (school pupils) and eight months (university students). Two authors’ methods of express PPS diagnosis [Kokun 2006] were used in the research: the scaled PPS self-assessment (indicators: states of health, activity, mood, fitness to work, life satisfaction, interest in learning, satisfaction with learning) and the technique of biogalvanometric pps monitoring (recording finger skin potentials).
Results. Results showed the existence of gender differences in pupils’ and students’ PPS, peculiarities to their PPS dynamics during long periods of study, and characteristic types of adaptation. The results obtained provided an opportunity to substantiate the recommendations for controlling and increasing pupils’ and students’ adaptation capabilities depending on the peculiarities of the individual dynamics of their psycho-physiological states, certain adaptation types and direct changes in the psychophysiological state indicators.
Conclusions. The results obtained have testified to the possibility of effective use of pupils’ and students’ PPS monitoring as a way of controlling and enhancing adaptation capability.