Abstract - Modelling Mixed Martial Arts Power Training Needs Depending on the Predominance of the Strike or Wrestling Fighting Style
Purpose – to develop models for Mixed Martial Arts athletes power training, depending on the predominance of the strike or the wrestling style in fighting, and also to determine the impact of the proposed training loads on increasing the functional ability of their bodies.
Methods. We examined 30 athletes aged 20-22 who were involved in Mixed Martial Arts fights over the last 2 years. Half the fighters use the strike style in the course of combat, and the rest specialise in the wrestling style. To assess the effectiveness of the occupation models we developed, we used the control testing method of the level of power capabilities development. With the help of the biochemical control of cortisol concentrations in the blood serum of the fighters, we determined the manifestation of adaptive-compensatory reactions of the body to various power loads.
Results. It was established that the optimal power loads for fighters using the strike style of fighting was to use a high-intensity regime when working with an alactate or lactate energy supply system. In turn, the most effective power loads, for the maximum realisation of functional potential in athletes prioritising the wrestling style during the fight, was the use of low-intensity regimes with a large amount of work in the glycolytic power supply system.
Conclusions. The analysis of the results obtained during the experiment demonstrates the need for using models of training sessions developed in the process of power training of MMA fighters, taking into account the particular fighting style.