Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - Three Areas of Taekwon-do Identification and Practice

At present the traditional taekwon-do is reported to have three areas of practice including self-defence, health and sport and also education. The pragmatic training model, including sports competition among others, provides a necessary motivating element to put in more physical effort. Sports competition requires more intensive training and more engagement. It makes it possible to verify athletes’ skills and abilities and also makes them respond to new more and more serious challenges. Next, the educational training model reinforces the mental and philosophical factor and significantly modifies the adolescent inadequacy displayed in juvenile delinquency. Whereas, the utilitarian training model is applied in order to enhance self-defence skills. It is mostly developed in the police and armed forces, including their special units. An ideal, thus most desired training model should comprise all those factors as a disturbance in the balance between them on a long-term basis might result in pathology. This means that taekwon-do might then lose its self-defence features and become a school for breeding aggressiveness or might open to certain movement forms, thus upsetting the general combat rule involving direct contact between opponents.