Abstract - The correlation of general and special physical fitness indices with somatic indicators in 16-18-year-old female judokas
Background.The purpose of this work was to determine the correlation between the indexes of general and special physical preparedness with the age-somatic parameters of 16-18-year-old female judo competitors (stage of directed training) during preparation to the competitive period.
Material/Methods. Fifteen female judo competitors participated in the study- all of them were representatives of Poland in the category of juniors and regional team of Pomerania. Their average age was 16.8±0.7 years, and their athletic experience was 7.2±42.5 years. To determine somatic features - body mass and body components: FAT (kg), FAT (%), FFM (kg), FFM (%), TBW (kg), TBW(%) the Body Composition Analyser was used. To assess general physical preparedness the standard IPFT test was used. The level of athletes’ special physical preparedness was assessed by Sterkowicz test (SJFT) and Igumienow test.
Results. The female judo competitors who had lower body weight, smaller absolute and percentage values of the fatty component perform better in all running tests of IPFT. Of the power performance test, the IPFT index showed a statistically significant correlation with their somatic characteristics. In this case female athletes who had a smaller body height and a lower BMI showed the best results. It should also be noted that in this group of competitors 8 correlation coefficients between SJFT indexes and somatic characteristics were revealed, whose values ranged from 0.53 to 0.58 (p>0.05). Also 7 cases of correlations between somatic indicators and the Igumienow test indicators, whose values were in the range of-0.52 to 0.64 (p>0.05), have been observed.