Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - The Correlation between Leadership Coaching Style and Satisfaction among University Silat Olahraga Athletes

Background. The word silat means a type of sport or game, which consists of quick movements in attacking and defending [Anuar 1987]. Silat olahraga is a sport that existed at the center of the development of thousands of silat schools in the Malaysian Archipelago [Anuar 1993].
Aims. The main purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between coaches’ behaviors and the degree of satisfaction experienced by silat olahraga athletes at the Universiti Teknologi MARA The perceptions of both male and female athletes on leadership coaching styles and levels of satisfaction were identified in the research.
Methods. A total of 132 respondents, all silat olahraga athletes who were involved in silat olahraga national university competitions were selected in this study. Two questionnaires were used in this study, the Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) by Chelladurai and Saleh [1980] and the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ) by Riemer and Chelladurai [1998].
Results. The study provided evidence that female athletes had a higher level of leadership coaching style (training and instruction and democratic behavior) preference compared to male athletes. However, there was no difference between male and female athletes’ levels of satisfaction for all satisfaction factors.
Conclusions. This study concluded that there was positive correlation between coaching leadership styles (training and instruction, democratic and social behaviors) and athlete satisfaction among university silat olahraga athletes.