Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - Eastern martial arts in Hungary

The paper aims to analyze how the eastern martial arts have become independent, civil and operating sport organizations during the last fifteen years in Hungary, in spite of that they were politically controlled and partially prohibited during the socialism. In the first part of the paper the author gives a brief overview on the socialist sport model and sport politics behind that. He tries to reveal the factors which had made an influence on the judgement of the Eastern Martial Arts from the period of time after the Second World War till the end of the Socialism during the late eighties. In the second part the author deals with the effect of the economic changes on the Hungarian sport model. He discusses how the functions, the structure, the finance and the organization of sport have changed after the state had partly withdrawn from the immediate political direction of sport. The author examines how the Eastern Martial Arts were able to find their positions within the new sport system. Parallel with this how the reason for the existence of Eastern philosophy and ideology has been accepted by the above mentioned society. In conclusion, the author makes proposals how the values of the Eastern Martial Arts could be more and more spread and approved.