Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology

Abstract - The training control as a link in the training process of taekwon-do

On the basis only cursory analysis the attempt was taken to reveal the complexity of the phenomenon related to the level of training, the assessment of its results and the quality of work which was done by contemporary taekwon-do instructors.
Instructor's evaluation and the results they have achieved poses the introduction to other procedures connected to training-educational influence of effects. The basis of the rational conduct should include control actions which should take into consideration both performance and achieved results. To accomplish is there is essential to find out some instruments. The theory of sports has developed with practice altogether the system of control actions which encompass different levels of sport mastery. A range of actions can be treated selectively (technical preparation control) or comprehensively.
It was initiated in taekwon-do to search for solutions of control actions taking into account the peculiarity of taekwon-do and remaining in assent to methodological basis suggested by the theory of sports. Taekwon-do trainers on their own should lead control actions of which results (objective data) could support intuitive actions. Because taekwon-do is trained also as a utilitarian form of physical activity it is suggested to divide control actions into three levels: The first one includes all data about training (performance and effects) which are possible to obtain by a trainer without any specialised equipment which is able to conduct during training circumstances and which includes anthropological measurement such as BMI, Rohrer's ratio, determining the biological age, testing general physical efficiency (long-jump, a 50 meters test run and 12-minute run or run with maximum velocity 2x1,5 min. with one-minute pause – juniors and 2x2 min. with one-minute pause – seniors, the measurement of dynamic flexibility: in a vertical plane and others), the analysis of training workloads and results obtained in the course of technical tests and sports rivalry.
The second level needs the usage of specialised equipment (sport-testers, portable computers, dynamometrical boxing bags, photocells, dr Lange's spectrometer) which can deliver more detailed information but also collected in real training circumstances.
The third level embraces specialised laboratory research which are ordered by a trainer and analysed altogether with specialists of other domains (physiologist, psychologist doctor).
In practice the control of the first level should include all competitors. Other levels (2nd, 3rd) are intended for provincial teams or national teams.